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The Finnish flag

Updated February 2015

© Finnish Tourist Board

The Finnish flag with "the blue of our lakes and the white snow of our winters", as a poet described these symbolic colours in 1870, was made official in a law enacted on May 29, 1918, less than six months after Finland had achieved independence.

The flag features a blue cross on a white background. It takes two forms, the national (civil) flag and the state flag.

The national flag


The national flag is rectangular in shape and its dimensions are: height l l and width 18 units of measurement; width of cross 3 units, colour PMS294C; height of fields 4 units, length of fields at the hoist 5 units and of fields at the fly 10 units. Every Finnish citizen enjoys the right to fly the national flag. With certain exceptions, the national flag is flown by Finnish vessels as their national ensign.

The state flag

The state flag is either rectangular or three-pointed. The coat of arms of Finland is inset in the square formed by the intersecting arms of the cross. The square has a yellow border, the width of which is onefortieth of the width of the cross. State departments and establishments fly the rectangular state flag. The Defence Forces use the threepointed version of the flag, which is one unit of measurement longer than the national flag or the rectangular state flag. The President of the Republic uses a threepointed version of the state flag, in the canton of which a blue and yellow Cross of Freedom is featured.

Finnish official flag-raising days in 2015

February 5 Runeberg Day
(in honour of national poet J.L. Runeberg)
February 28 Kalevala Day
(in honour of the national epic; Finnish Culture Day)
March 19 Minna Canth Day (Equality Day,
in honour of writer and social activist Minna Canth)
April 9 Finnish Language Day
April 27 Veterans’ Day
May 1 Labour Day
May 9 Europe Day
May 10 Mothers' Day
May 12 Snellman Day (Finnish Heritage Day,
in honour of statesman J.V. Snellman)
May 17 Remembrance Day
June 4 Flag Day of the Defence Forces
June 20 Midsummer Day, Day of the Finnish Flag
July 6 Eino Leino Day (Day of Summer and Poetry,
in honour of poet Eino Leino)
October 10 Aleksis Kivi Day (Finnish Literature Day,
in honour of author Aleksis Kivi)
October 24 United Nations Day
November 6 Finland-Swedish Heritage Day
November 8 Fathers’ Day
December 6 Independence Day
December 8 Jean Sibelius Day (Finnish Music Day,
in honour of composer Jean Sibelius)


The flag and arms of Finland

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